Tag Archives: uneven skin tone

Underlying Causes Of Skin Discoloration

Woman checking face at mirror

Hyper: as a prefix, it means over, excessive, above or beyond. Pigmentation: The coloration of tissues by pigment. Put them together and you get hyperpigmentation, the excessive discoloration of skin tissues by pigment.

When it comes to what women want in terms of the appearance of their skin, even tone and uniform color usually top the list. So what can you do if factors come into play that prevents you from having the ideal skin tone? When it comes to correcting hyperpigmentation, the first step is knowing how it is caused.

Acne Related

  1. Cause: When acne is the cause of discoloration, the symptoms can often show up long after the blemish is gone. Inflammation is an unavoidable part of acne and the more inflamed the blemish is, the greater the risk of scarring. Although inflammation can be a desirable bodily response to help the pimple fade and heal, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) can occur. While PIH does not affect the texture of the skin, it can cause discoloration, which can take a while to fade.
  2. Solution: The best cure for acne related hyperpigmentation is a topical product that lightens and brightens. Glycolic masks, hydroquinone, salicylic acid, and retinol can all help to reduce dark spots; chemical peels can be effective and, if the spots are red and flat, you may want to consider redness reducing laser treatment.

Sun Related

  1. Cause: If your hyperpigmentation is sun related, it is caused by the deposits of melanin on the skin produced by UV rays. The resulting spots occur on the face, hands, and chest and are usually light to dark brown and can make skin look much more mature than it is.
  2. Solution: Retinoid, IPL, and fractional laser treatments are the best ways to deal with sun-related discoloration. IPL sends a beam of light through skin that seeks out melanin. As the light is absorbed, it breaks the pigment up, making it less visible. A series of treatments are necessary to make a noticeable difference. In fractional laser resurfacing, lasers send a beam of fractioned energy to initiate a wound healing response to correct hyperpigmentation.

Hormone Related

  1. Cause: Birth control, pregnancy, and menopause can all lead to a spike in production of melanin. In fact, many doctors correlate the rise in hyperpigmentation to increased prescription of birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy. The hormone surge, along with sun exposure causes the skin to darken.
  2. Solution: Hydroquinone and retin-A are the most commonly prescribed treatments prescribed by doctors to treat hyperpigmentation, salicylic, glycol, and lactic peels can also be effective, as can IPL and the use of vitamin C based products.

If you are suffering from skin discoloration, let us know how you deal with it. What is the most effective method for fighting hyperpigmentation?

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Expert Advice For Fixing Sun Damaged Skin

“Beautiful skin today. Young-looking skin tomorrow.” This is a slogan from a vintage ad. Talk about false advertising! When looking back at some of the old ads for tanning products, it is sometimes hard to believe that extended periods of sun exposure were actually encouraged as recently as the 1970’s. One has to wonder if all those hunks and babes having fun in the sun in the ads are now singing the woes of damaged skin. Well, if you are one of those hunks or hunkettes battling with the results of a misspent youth, take heart, your days of woe may be over! Read on for some expert advice about fixing sun damaged skin.

Woman smiling in the sun

Exfoliate
Dead skin buildup can make skin look uneven and blotchy. In addition, the remains of self tanning products tend to collect in dry areas of the skin, like elbows, causing the to appear dull and even dirty. Scrubs, loofahs, alpha hydroxy cleansers, and home dermabrasion kits are all recommended to remove those dead skin cells and leave skin looking smoother and brighter.

Bleach Brown Spots
Skin lightener can help to lessen the appearance of brown spots. Deborah S. Sarnoff, MD for the Skin Cancer Foundation recommends over the counter products containing kojic acid used in combination with Retin-Q, hydroquinone, and a mild steroid cream to lighten discoloration and unwanted color.

Hydrate
Exposure to sun, salt water, and chlorine can all result in skin dryness. Moisturize with a hand and body cream, and a foot cream for dry heels and feet. Moisturizers with AHA and serums with hyaluronic acid can help to plump skin around eyes, reducing the appearance of wrinkles, and continuous use may even help the skin synthesize collagen, an important protein for maintaining skin elasticity.

Dermatologist checking skin

LED (Light-Emitting Diode)
Dr. Sarnoff recommends using these electronic light sources, which are available in home units as well as in salons. The low energy LED, Tanda is noteworthy for its effectiveness against fine lines, wrinkles, and acne.

Dermatologist Vist
If you have a skin problem, there is probably a laser treatment for it. IPL, or photodynamic therapy can work on anything for discoloration, to wrinkles, to removal of scaly skin patches

Sunscreen With SPF of 15 or Higher
Sunscreen is key for maintenance of young looking skin and may even lower risk of skin cancer. Sunscreen reduces your amount of sun exposure, allowing skin time to heal and giving your immune system time to fix existing damage.

How did you go from Tantastic to fantastic? Let us know!

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