Hyper: as a prefix, it means over, excessive, above or beyond. Pigmentation: The coloration of tissues by pigment. Put them together and you get hyperpigmentation, the excessive discoloration of skin tissues by pigment.
When it comes to what women want in terms of the appearance of their skin, even tone and uniform color usually top the list. So what can you do if factors come into play that prevents you from having the ideal skin tone? When it comes to correcting hyperpigmentation, the first step is knowing how it is caused.
- Cause: When acne is the cause of discoloration, the symptoms can often show up long after the blemish is gone. Inflammation is an unavoidable part of acne and the more inflamed the blemish is, the greater the risk of scarring. Although inflammation can be a desirable bodily response to help the pimple fade and heal, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) can occur. While PIH does not affect the texture of the skin, it can cause discoloration, which can take a while to fade.
- Solution: The best cure for acne related hyperpigmentation is a topical product that lightens and brightens. Glycolic masks, hydroquinone, salicylic acid, and retinol can all help to reduce dark spots; chemical peels can be effective and, if the spots are red and flat, you may want to consider redness reducing laser treatment.
- Cause: If your hyperpigmentation is sun related, it is caused by the deposits of melanin on the skin produced by UV rays. The resulting spots occur on the face, hands, and chest and are usually light to dark brown and can make skin look much more mature than it is.
- Solution: Retinoid, IPL, and fractional laser treatments are the best ways to deal with sun-related discoloration. IPL sends a beam of light through skin that seeks out melanin. As the light is absorbed, it breaks the pigment up, making it less visible. A series of treatments are necessary to make a noticeable difference. In fractional laser resurfacing, lasers send a beam of fractioned energy to initiate a wound healing response to correct hyperpigmentation.
- Cause: Birth control, pregnancy, and menopause can all lead to a spike in production of melanin. In fact, many doctors correlate the rise in hyperpigmentation to increased prescription of birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy. The hormone surge, along with sun exposure causes the skin to darken.
- Solution: Hydroquinone and retin-A are the most commonly prescribed treatments prescribed by doctors to treat hyperpigmentation, salicylic, glycol, and lactic peels can also be effective, as can IPL and the use of vitamin C based products.
If you are suffering from skin discoloration, let us know how you deal with it. What is the most effective method for fighting hyperpigmentation?
Before you learn how to take care of your dark skin, make sure that you never listen to stereotypes such as “dark skin is always oily”. Most people end up assuming that anyone with dark colored skin has oily skin because of the extra melanin content in the skin. There is very little truth in these stereotypes except for the one which says that dark skin can be extremely sensitive. The melanin content brings about its sensitivity and using the wrong products on the skin can lead to immediate reactions that can take a long time to disappear. So make sure that you follow Vine Vera‘s basic skin care tips and learn how to take care of your dark skin.
What hurts dark skin the most?
Hard water is one of the biggest enemies of people with dark skin. To make sure that you don’t end up dehydrating yourself, use soap free cleansers and ditch those hard soaps. Getting a water softener installed or rinsing yourself with thermal water can work wonders as well. Another problem with dark skin is excessive exfoliation. People with dark skin love scrubbing their face and their body and this can sometimes prove to be quite harmful for the skin.
Choosing a cleanser
Make sure that you choose the right cleanser as they play a very important role in your skin care routine. Apart from removing impurities and dirt, these cleansers can also play a major role when it comes to making your skin look radiant. The best way to ensure that the cleanser suits your skin is to choose one that has natural ingredients and is pH balanced. Look for ingredients such as green tea, cucumbers, chamomile extracts or avocado in your cleansers.
Moisturize your skin religiously
Dark colored skin can lose its moisture content very quickly and end up appearing ashy. This is why moisturizing is so important. You should ideally be using a lubricating moisturizer that contains humectants, because humectants are known to attract moisture and ensure that the skin stays soft and supple.
Dealing with hyperpigmentation and exfoliation
Your dead skin cells are full of melanin. A build up of melanin in one spot is a form of skin pigmentation called hyperpigmentation. In order to avoid hyperpigmentation, you need to make sure that you exfoliate once every week to prevent your complexion from becoming dull. However, make sure that you use non-abrasive exfoliators because dark colored skin is very sensitive. Don’t end up over-exfoliating either. Ideally, exfoliating your skin once every week is more than enough. Dealing with hyperpigmentation is also important. The best solution is to apply an absorbent and purifying mask once every week. Follow this with a serum to help get rid of your dead skin cells completely.
Taking care of skin aging
Luckily, people with darker skin don’t have to worry too much about the signs of aging. However, this doesn’t mean that you can completely ignore the issue. There are some issues that can cause hollowness in your cheeks or lead to an uneven skin tone. The best way to deal with anti-aging is to protect your skin from getting damaged from the UV rays of the sun. The ideal way of doing that is to apply a broad spectrum SPF 30 sunscreen every single day.