Tag Archives: Acne

Underlying Causes Of Skin Discoloration

Woman checking face at mirror

Hyper: as a prefix, it means over, excessive, above or beyond. Pigmentation: The coloration of tissues by pigment. Put them together and you get hyperpigmentation, the excessive discoloration of skin tissues by pigment.

When it comes to what women want in terms of the appearance of their skin, even tone and uniform color usually top the list. So what can you do if factors come into play that prevents you from having the ideal skin tone? When it comes to correcting hyperpigmentation, the first step is knowing how it is caused.

Acne Related

  • Cause – When acne is the cause of discoloration, the symptoms can often show up long after the blemish is gone. Inflammation is an unavoidable part of acne and the more inflamed the blemish is, the greater the risk of scarring. Although inflammation can be a desirable bodily response to help the pimple fade and heal, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) can occur. While PIH does not affect the texture of the skin, it can cause discoloration, which can take a while to fade.
  • Solution – The best cure for acne related hyperpigmentation is a topical product that lightens and brightens. Glycolic masks, hydroquinone, salicylic acid, and retinol can all help to reduce dark spots; chemical peels can be effective and, if the spots are red and flat, you may want to consider redness reducing laser treatment.

Sun Related

  • Cause – If your hyperpigmentation is sun related, it is caused by the deposits of melanin on the skin produced by UV rays. The resulting spots occur on the face, hands, and chest and are usually light to dark brown and can make skin look much more mature than it is.
  • Solution – Retinoid, IPL, and fractional laser treatments are the best ways to deal with sun-related discoloration. IPL sends a beam of light through skin that seeks out melanin. As the light is absorbed, it breaks the pigment up, making it less visible. A series of treatments are necessary to make a noticeable difference. In fractional laser resurfacing, lasers send a beam of fractioned energy to initiate a wound healing response to correct hyperpigmentation.

Hormone Related

  • Cause – Birth control, pregnancy, and menopause can all lead to a spike in production of melanin. In fact, many doctors correlate the rise in hyperpigmentation to increased prescription of birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy. The hormone surge, along with sun exposure causes the skin to darken.
  • Solution – Hydroquinone and retin-A are the most commonly prescribed treatments prescribed by doctors to treat hyperpigmentation, salicylic, glycol, and lactic peels can also be effective, as can IPL and the use of vitamin C based products.

If you are suffering from skin discoloration, let us know how you deal with it. What is the most effective method for fighting hyperpigmentation?


Leave a comment

Filed under Beauty News & Tips

Caffeine’s Effects On Your Skin

Judging from the lines at Starbucks, people sure like the effects of coffee. It seems that coffee companies cannot find enough ways of incorporating the bean into new drinks. Just when you think you finally figured out the difference between a mocha chino and macchiato, a new drink appears with lines of people ready to dole out their hard-earned cash for the latest blast of caffeine infused sweetness. And while these consumers may be giving themselves an extra pat on the back for the not so recent evidence of coffee’s antioxidant properties, they may be less enamored to hear of how the brew actually affects the skin.

Woman drinking coffee

Tannin is a chemical present in coffee and tea. If the knowledge that tannin is used in tanneries to process leather isn’t enough to convince you that it’s not something you want in your coffee, consider its effects on your skin. Tannins prevent the pores of cells from receiving nutrients. Other things that make tannin such a great leather treatment, and a such a lousy skin treatment, are its hydration removal properties, which can make skin brittle over time.

Liver Spots
Liver spots are a common skin problem for older people. The liver functions as a filter to purify your blood, allowing cells to receive essential nutrients and oxygen. Over the long term, coffee can block the liver with toxins, preventing it from doing its job. The impurities in the blood result in high levels of liver congestion and toxicity which can result in the appearance of the dreaded liver spot, according to Chet Day’s Health and Beyond Online.

Not only does the tannin contribute to skin dehydration, the caffeine in the coffee acts like a diuretic in high amounts, furthering the dehydrating effects. Diuretics cause increased urination which dries out your skin and your body. Although a few cups of Joe a day may not dry you out too badly, try to keep your intake to under 4 cups to avoid problems.

Woman drinking coffee indoors

Ok, so the word is still out on the acne-caffeine connection, but it seems to be the opinion of most experts that, while caffeine may not cause acne, it could exacerbate an already existing condition, according to AbsoluteAcneInfo.com. The toxic effects of coffee on the liver may also contribute to acne because the caffeine can block the liver from purifying blood, which may taint skin cells.

Topical Use Of Caffeine
Why, you may be wondering, if coffee is so bad for the skin, is it a common ingredient in skin care products? Well, it turns out that the antioxidant properties in caffeine make it an effective anti-ager and its ability to constrict small blood vessels and reduce inflammation can help minimize sagging skin and dark circles under the eyes. Caffeine’s anti- inflammatory qualities often aid in reducing the appearance of cellulite and its dehydrating abilities help to draw excess fluids from fat cells.

So the upshot? When it comes to caffeine and your skin, put it on you, not in you. Let us know what you think? Is the caffeine withdrawal worth the potential skin benefits?

Leave a comment

Filed under Beauty News & Tips

Acne 101

It’s safe to say Acne isn’t fun or desirable to have to deal with. It causes irritation, pain, redness, and messes with the texture of the skin with all its bumps and such. And if you happen to get pimples like whiteheads or blackheads (a common side effect of acne, though not synonymous, contrary to popular belief, as we’ll go over soon), then you have irritating, unsightly blemishes to worry about too.

As always, though, Vine Vera is here to help, and because we know how irksome acne can be, and how much of an obstacle it is, today we’re going over some quintessential acne basics.

Woman looking at her breakout

Why Are We Talking About Acne?
In other words, isn’t that just a teenage problem? In short, no, not at all. It’s true that tweens, teens, and young adults are at a much greater risk for acne, but it’s an adult problem too, and in fact, the number of adults who have acne is growing.

What’s the Source?
Acne is a state of irritation and inflammation of the skin; the redness and bumps are generally a response to some sort of irritation, and they take the form of inflamed, swollen pores. Acne itself is not the same thing as pimples (both whiteheads and blackheads), and it does not directly cause them, but the swelling of the pores with acne greatly increases the chance of getting pimples, which is why you often see the two together.
The source of irritation that triggers acne can be a variety of things; anything from exfoliating too hard to not cleansing enough and letting dirt and grease build up on your face. You’re more likely to develop acne if you have sensitive skin and/or oily skin, although it can happen to anyone. Hormonal changes can also make acne more likely, which is why it’s so prevalent among teens due to hormonal fluctuations in puberty.

Woman cleansing skin.

How Do I Get Rid Of It?
You will sometimes hear people advocate to just let acne “run its course.” As long as you don’t continue doing things that trigger or aggravate your acne, mild cases of acne can and will go away overtime, and you can use gentle mineral-based makeup to cover it up in the meantime. However, this is not always the best option, because leaving acne alone for too long can cause blemishes and scarring that are difficult to get rid of or may even be permanent.

If your acne is mild, you can generally clear it up by figuring out what triggered it, avoid doing whatever that was, and use products containing salicylic acid and/or benzoyl peroxide for awhile to treat the acne and lessen its appearance gradually overtime until it eventually disappears. Other ingredients to soothe irritated, acne ridden skin—though they will not treat the underlying cause, but can be helpful for controlling redness and irritation—include chamomile, aloe vera, and zinc, among others.

If you acne is very sever, though, meaning it covers much of your face and is very difficult if impossible for you to control on your own, you need to see a dermatologist. There are a variety of treatments and prescription medications that can alleviate acne effectively, so don’t hesitate to book an appointment if you’ve tried and failed to control your acne, and it’s getting out of hand.

Leave a comment

Filed under Beauty News & Tips

Have You Been Treating Your Blemishes Right

Blemishes are a stubborn enemy when it comes to the fight for flawless skin; they seem like permanent marks on the surface of the skin; stains that won’t disappear no matter how much you try. Most other problems have relatively easy and understandable solutions: dull, dead bits of skin stuck to the face? Exfoliate! Dry, cracking, or otherwise parched skin? Moisturize and hydrate! Face too greasy? Cleanse! Pimples or acne? Wash with salicylic acid-containing products! But blemishes? It’s a bit more complicated, and all too often, you might simply resort to covering them with makeup (which is fine, and works as a quick fix, but it doesn’t address the root of the issue).

But never fear, blemishes can be removed with time and effort! They’re one of the more difficult skin care and beauty-related roadblocks, but they’re not insurmountable. As always, Vine Vera is here to helps with all your skin care-related beauty needs, and skin blemishes are no exception. Read on to see how it’s done.

Woman washing her face.

Have Proper Prevention Habits
Can you guess what’s even better than removing blemishes? Preventing them from ever happening in the first place! Blemishes—imperfections such as acne marks, dark spots, and pigmentation marks—are as preventable as they are removable. First thing’s first, practice good hygiene and cleanse daily to avoid acne. If any pimples do happen to sprout up, resist the urge to pop them at all costs! Also resist the urge to manually extract blackheads, as both of these practices can lead to acne marks, a kind of blemish that can be a huge hassle to remove. Also, wear broad spectrum SPF 30 or higher sunscreen every day to avoid sunspot-type blemishes!

Woman ice compressing her skin to get rid of a zit.

Ice Compressing
A rather weird but surprisingly effective trick for blemishes is to take a large piece of ice, wrap it in a washcloth, and firmly press it against a blemish for about five minutes. This is most effective on new blemishes, as it reduces inflammation and makes the new blemish less likely to “stick.”

Woman holding a melon

Vitamin C
Besides being all-around fantastic for your health and skin care in a number of ways, vitamin C is great at evening out skin tone and removing blemishes. Just use a Vitamin C-containing facial moisturizer every day and you should start to see results after a few weeks.

Woman applying a lotion.

Calamine Lotion
For older, more established blemishes that have been around for awhile and more than outstayed their welcome, use a combination of daily vitamin C application over the entire face, and rubbing calamine lotion directly onto the blemishes. Calamine lotion has a way of absorbing extra oil, which can pull out pigments causing the blemish too.

Woman looking at herself in the mirror.

Combined Treatment
All these methods each help in their own way, but they’re more effective when used in tandem with each other! Practice proper prevention techniques always, to prevent new blemishes from forming. If a new blemish does pop up, use the ice trick to reduce it’s appearance, and go ahead and use a combination of vitamin C daily (even when your face is clear of blemishes, as it will also help with prevention) along with calamine lotion applied directly to the more stubborn blemishes, and you should have clean, clear skin in no time! Just keep up the preventative measure even after your blemishes are gone, so you don’t get new ones.

Leave a comment

Filed under Beauty News & Tips

Vine Vera Helps You Face Your Skin Care Fears! – VineVera Reviews

Young woman hiding from her fears behind her handsIn lieu of National Face Your Fears Day, Vine Vera would like to bring you some tips on facing your skin care fears. There isn’t always a definitive answer as to how one might go about facing certain fears, as everyone is different. However; it’s safe to say this article from Vine Vera should help you to get a grasp on the major skin care related fears, and help to put your mind at ease one way or another.

Dry Skin
Dealing with your dry skin fears is one of the easiest things you can do and it doesn’t require too much time or preparation. Investing in a good quality moisturizer is important, as well as getting a few facial loofah’s and perhaps some serums. Taking proper care of your face is essential to combating dry skin, and overcoming it. Drinking more water and perhaps taking some Vitamin E supplements as well as a Biotin supplement is also a great way to help restore the balance to your dry facial skin, and give it a more nourished, supple look.

Acne Prone Skin
If you have skin that is prone to breakouts, whether it’s one time a month or you have chronic acne breakouts, there are ways to attempt treatment at home, or ways to combat the problem with the help of a dermatologist. You can buy specialty face washes and toners from Vine Vera that are specifically meant for acne prone skin, as well as serums and gels in which you can use to treat the problem as well. Dermatologists have specialty lines of products in which you can use to alleviate symptoms and help the skin to clear up. You can also be sure to get in the habit of proper face washing at least twice per day with a medicated face wash. Aside from these options, you can also check with your gynecologist to perhaps get on a method of birth control which can balance your hormones if it is caused to a hormonal imbalance. Sometimes, this is a simple and quick fix to the problem and many women have had a lot of success with it.

Oily Skin
If you have oily skin, washing your face two to three times per day with a specialty product formulated for oily or greasy skin is a great place to start. Try to refrain from using moisturizers as these generally make greasy and oily skin even greasier and more oily, causing more problems. Controlling the oil on your face can also prevent breakouts and give your face a healthy appearance. Watching what you eat is also important as different foods can tend to cause your skin to become oily, and for someone who already has oily skin, this will make their problem increasingly worse.

Blotchy Skin
Blotchy skin can be quickly fixed with good cosmetics to hide the uneven tone. A good cover up and foundation as well as makeup palate and perhaps color corrector stick can also provide even, smooth coverage and give you a flawless finish. Give a few top brands a try and find one that works best for you.

There are many other skin problems and fears women will face each day; these are just a few of the major problems afflicting women in their day to day lives. Skin conditions and problematic skin don’t have to rule your world. Combat your skin care fears by educating yourself and being proactive. VineVera believes every woman deserves to have healthy, beautiful skin, and we hope you will take a stand to face your skin care fears today!

1 Comment

Filed under Beauty News & Tips

What Really Causes Acne?

Young woman picking a pimple in the mirrorAcne Vulgaris, the medical name for acne, is a common skin disease that is associated with glands of oil located at the base of your hair follicles. The word “acne” comes from the Greek word “acme” which means “the highest point”. Acne is most common during puberty when your sebaceous oil glands finally come to life. However, acne is not restricted to puberty. A number of adults are also known to suffer from the disease. Although it is not considered to be dangerous, Acne can leave scars on your skin if it is not treated properly.

Sebum is an oily liquid which is produced by your oil glands. The sebum is in charge of carrying the dead cells from the inner parts of your skin to the outer surface using the follicles. Pimples and scars grow when these follicles get blocked and result in an accumulation of oil under your skin.

According to dermatologists, almost 3/4th of the population between 11 – 30 years of age shall suffer from acne at one point of time or the other. The Brown University in the US also estimates that almost 17 million Americans are estimated to suffer from Acne at any given time of the year.

Although no one is completely sure what actually causes acne, experts believe that the main reason behind acne is an increase in the androgen levels in your body. The rising androgen increases the size of your oil glands and makes them produce more oil. The excessive sebum that is produced by your oil glands break down the cellular walls in the pores and lead to bacteria growth. Here are some of the main factors that cause acne.


One of the first places to check when you develop acne problems is your medicine cabinet. There are a number of drugs and medications such as the steroids found in prescription drugs that can lead to acne. Prednisone, the name for steroids that are taken internally, is a common ingredient in many medications. This ingredient helps in treating inflammatory problems like arthritis and allergies. However, if it is overused, it can also aggravate your condition and lead to acne. Other medical ingredients that have similar effects include lithium, iodine and lithium chloride. According to medical experts, oral contraceptives are also known to be a common cause of acne. Remember, once you start or stop taking these medications, it could take up to six months for acne to appear.

Your Beauty or Skin Care Routine

There are a number of zit causing ingredients that could be lurking in your beauty and skin care products. However, unlike your medical prescriptions, you have complete control over what you use for your beauty and skin care products. Some people end up applying extra skin care products on areas where its occurrence is the most common, areas like your face, neck, scalp and hairline. However, in most cases, these products end up doing more harm than good. Going to bed with your make-up on is another common cause of acne.  Makeup brushes are constantly collecting leftover makeup and gathering bacteria. If not cleaned regularly, they also lead to skin care problems like acne.

Your Daily Diet

One of the most important aspects of skin care is what you eat. Consuming food items that are unhealthy are known to reflect on the surface of your skin. Although studies have shown that junk food does not lead to acne, studies have also shown that eating oily and junk food if you already have adult acne is known to further aggravate your condition. Sugar damages your healthy skin cells and also suppresses your immune system, thereby making it more difficult for your body to fight against infection and bacteria. Many processed food items that are high in saturated and trans fats can also trigger acne breakouts. Furthermore, sugary food items are yet another acne nightmare as are food items that have a high glycemic index. The best way to treat acne is to change the type of food items that you consume. Cut down on processed foods and focus your diets more on vegetables and fresh fruits.


Your personal hygiene can be directly associated with skin care and acne. Poor hygiene practices have been known to lead to adult acne. When your body sweats, it becomes a magnet for dirt and germs because the moist skin makes it easy for them to stick to it. If you don’t take a proper shower, this dirt and oil buildup sticks to your body and eventually ends up clogging your pores and leading to acne. Make sure that you have a proper shower after a night out on town or a rigorous exercise. Don’t forget to cleanse your face twice a day. Also avoid scrubbing your skin too hard or using harsh soaps as they can trigger acne as well.

 Touching Your Face Every Now and Then

Make sure that you refrain from touching your face every now and then, even after washing your hands. Touching your face frequently can increase the oil production or inflame the skin. It can also increase the bacteria build up on your face. And don’t ever think about popping the pimple that appears on your face.


1 Comment

Filed under Beauty News & Tips