Understanding the kind of products that work best for your skin, how they help you to benefit your skin and the order in which these products should be used is very important for those looking to have a decent skin care routine. This skin care routine guide helps you to understand the different factors that should influence your skin care routine and how to customize a typical routine to make it suit your own needs and requirements.
What you need
We have compiled this guide to help you understand how different skin care products work on your skin, when they should be applied and the kind of results that they offer. There are a number of skin care products that are usually designed to treat multiple issues. Moreover, certain products also contain power-packed ingredients like Resveratrol, retinol, Vitamin C, etc. These ingredients work wonders in the human body and help to prevent aging, among other things. There are two types of routines that you can follow – the first one is a basic skin care routine that can mostly be used for maintenance and prevention of skin care problems. The second routine is an advanced skin care routine that is usually used by people suffering from skin care issues such as dry skin, oily skin, acne, breakouts, wrinkles, etc.
THE SKIN CARE ROUTINE – AN OVERVIEW
Cleanser – Morning and Night – For all types of skin
A gentle and water soluble cleanser is the most basic ingredient in a skin care routine. This helps you to get rid of the dirt, germ, oil and debris buildup from your face. Rinsing your face with water is never enough. And you can’t use those body soaps on your face because the skin on your face is much more sensitive. By using a cleanser to clean your face, you allow your skin care products to become more effective as well. Another advantage of using a cleanser is that it usually leaves your skin looking healthier and smoother.
Toner – Morning and Night – For all types of skin
Toners are well formulated products that help in calming and softening the skin. They also remove all traces of your makeup and consist of skin repairing ingredients that are so essential to the cleansing process. Toners are mostly defined by their ingredients. The ones that contain healthy and powerful ingredients help you to hydrate your skin surface and replenish the moisture content of your skin. Another advantage of using toners is that they reduce dry patches and redness and also make your pores smaller (very important for oily skin). A toner should ideally be used right after cleansing.
Exfoliator – 3 to 5 Times a Week – For all types of skin
Exfoliants help in removing the dead cell and germ build-up from the outermost layers of your skin. The damage caused by the harmful rays of the sun make the outermost layers of your skin abnormally thick. This becomes worse because of oily skin and acne. Exfoliating regularly (frequency depends on type of skin) helps you to get rid of this build-up, unclog your pores, even out your skin tone, remove dullness and eliminate wrinkles. Blackheads, acne, redness and breakouts can also be reduced/ prevented with regular exfoliation. Look for ingredients such as AHAs and BHAs. AHAs help to exfoliate the surface of your skin whereas BHAs also work their magic on inside your pores.
Acne Treatments – Night – Only if it is needed
The next step of your skin care routine is to use treat your specific skin care concerns. One of the most common issues that people suffer from is acne. An effective acne treatment helps you to kill the acne causing bacteria with the help of benzoyl peroxide. This also helps in reducing redness and getting clear skin. Another advantage offered by these treatments is lesser breakouts.
Skin Lightening Treatment – Night – Only if it is needed
Skin lightening treatments can help you reduce and eliminate discolorations and brown spots from your skin. You need to use skin lightening products to control and reduce the production of melanin, the pigment in your skin which causes these discolorations and brown spots. You need to use a skin lightening product daily for about 8 – 12 weeks to see a visible difference in your skin spots and discolorations. This should also help you to even out your skin tone and make you look more radiant.
Anti-Aging Treatment – Night – Once you enter your 30s
Anti-aging treatments contain special serums that are full of antioxidants and other proven anti-aging ingredients which help you to protect your skin from the damage caused by free radicals and prevent sun damage. These treatments can boost your collagen and elastin production, therefore making you look younger and healthier. Over time, you can expect your fine lines and wrinkles to diminish and you can further delay the signs of aging.
Anti-Aging Moisturizer with Sunscreen – Morning – For all types of skin
Using an anti-aging moisturizer that also offers you with sun protection is a must in the mornings. Most people make the mistake of using basic sunscreen lotions. However, if you skip those lotions and instead opt for one that also offers you anti-aging benefits, you could kill two birds with one stone. There are a number of anti-aging moisturizers that are packed with antioxidants and also act as broad spectrum sunscreen that offers SPF 30 sun protection. This not only helps you to protect your skin from sun damage, but also helps you to prevent and eliminate skin spots, wrinkles, fine lines and other signs of aging.
Anti-aging Moisturizer – Night – For all types of skin
Most people make the mistake of using the same moisturizer for their morning as well as evening skin care routines. However, you don’t need sun protection at night. What you need is a moisturizer that concentrates more on retaining the moisture content and hydrating your skin. Therefore, you should choose a specialized anti-aging moisturizer for your evening skin care. This moisturizer should contain powerful ingredients such as Retinol, Resveratrol, Vitamin C, etc. as they can work wonders in terms of making your skin look healthier and younger.
You can tweak this skin care routine to suit your own needs and preferences. Some people are known to prefer a simple skin care routine that contains cleansing, exfoliating and moisturizing the skin. Others are known to follow an advanced skin care routine that also helps them to address a variety of concerns. This routine usually involves cleansing, toning, exfoliating, skin treatments and moisturizers.